A temporary export ban has been placed on a sapphire and diamond coronet that belonged to Queen Victoria, preventing it from being sold abroad.
The coronet, designed by Prince Albert for their wedding in 1840, is at risk of being exported unless a UK buyer matches the £5m asking price.
The temporary ban was imposed after the owner applied for an export licence.
Culture minister Matt Hancock, who imposed the ban, said it symbolised one of the UK’s “most famous love stories”.
The 11.5cm (4.5in) wide coronet is mounted with 11 sapphires, which are all set in gold, with diamonds set in silver.
Experts consider it to be one of the most important jewels of Queen Victoria’s reign, matching a sapphire and diamond brooch given to her by Albert the day before their wedding.
Following Albert’s death in 1861, Queen Victoria refused to attend the State Opening of Parliament until 1866, when she wore the coronet.
Both the coronet and brooch also featured in one of the most famous official portraits of the young Queen Victoria, in 1842, by Franz Xaver Winterhalter.
The coronet was given by King George V and Queen Mary to Princess Mary on her marriage to Viscount Lascelles in 1922. It was later sold to a dealer in London, who then sold it to the export licence applicant.
The temporary ban followed a recommendation by the reviewing committee on the export of works of art and objects of cultural interest, which is administered by the Arts Council.
It recommended the restriction on the grounds of the coronet’s “close connection with our history and national life, and its outstanding significance for the study of the young Queen Victoria”.
Committee member Philippa Glanville described the piece as “exquisite”, adding: “It evokes vividly the shared romantic taste of the time, and its form has become familiar through many reproductions.
“Its departure would be a great loss, given its beauty, its associations and its history.”
Mr Hancock said it was “one of the most iconic jewels from a pivotal period in our history”.
“I hope that we are able to keep the coronet in the UK and on display for the public to enjoy for years to come.”
The Department for Culture Media and Sport said a final decision over the export licence will be deferred until 27 December.
Chief highways engineer Catherine Brooks said: “We’ve got crews on the scene taking action but it is a very complex operation. We’re doing everything we can to safely reopen the motorway.
“It’s really difficult to give a clear indication at this time. A lot will depend on how we progressed through the night. At the moment all we’re able to say is that it will take at least until noon [on Sunday].”
The crash also closed the nearby M26, which links the M25 London orbital with the M20. It remains shut eastbound between the M25 junction 25 and junction 3 of the M20.
Cross-Channel traffic is being diverted on to the A2 and M2 from the M25 and the Port of Dover.
At the scene: Andy Moore, BBC News correspondent
It’s a very busy scene down here on the motorway – it has been all night long.
There are two giant cranes and part of the concrete beam of the bridge is lying across the motorway. The cranes have got loops on either end and they’re due to start lifting the beam off fairly soon.
On the other side of the carriageway you can see the bridge to nowhere that’s just left hanging in the air.
We’re told that is structurally sound – although they’ve put motion sensors on it, so if it’s moving in any way they’ll be able to close the carriageway. But the plan is to leave that up there for the time being, and the traffic will be able to pass underneath it.
Safety is a priority and they’ve also got to check the condition of the road.
They’re hoping to get this motorway open by lunchtime, but this operation could take longer than that.
Eyewitness Alex Magaisa was just passing the lorry when the bridge collapsed.
“My instinct was just to drive through. My wife saw the bridge falling and there was a big noise. I had to manoeuvre through the debris,” he said.
“It was a big shock. It’s only just starting to sink in now what might have happened. We could have been crushed.”
Part of the bridge fell onto a second lorry, the driver of which was treated for shock at the scene.
A motorcyclist in his 50s was taken to hospital with suspected broken ribs.
Sonny Gladdish, who was just behind the crash when it happened, said the motorcyclist had thrown himself off his bike to avoid the impact.
No-one has been arrested in connection with the incident.
Kent Police said it was investigating and appealed for witnesses to get in touch by calling the appeal line on 01622 798538 quoting the reference 27-0690.
Are you near the area of the collapsed bridge on the M20? Email your story to firstname.lastname@example.org.
British Homes Stores, a name that was a fixture on most UK High Streets, will then disappear nearly a century after first opening in Brixton, south London.
A history of a High Street stalwart
1928: A group of American entrepreneurs set up British Home Stores. The first store is in Brixton and nothing in the store costs more than a shilling (5p) – double that of rival Woolworth’s maximum price of sixpence
1929: BHS raises its maximum price to five shillings (25p) allowing it to sell home furnishings, including drapery
1970: The firm expands steadily in the postwar era – by the beginning of the year it employs some 12,000 workers in 94 stores across the UK
1985: BHS begins to franchise its brand to stores around the world, to which it supplies products and support
1986: The store merges with designer Sir Terence Conran’s Habitat and Mothercare to form Storehouse Plc, and the British Home Stores name is replaced with BhS, then Bhs and eventually BHS
2000: Retail billionaire Sir Philip Green buys BHS from Storehouse Plc for £200m
2002: BHS becomes part of the Arcadia empire, controlled by Sir Philip, when he buys the clothing group and its Topshop, Dorothy Perkins and Burton brands
2005: The store resurrects its British Home Stores branding, but it is losing ground to cheaper rivals such as Primark
2015: Sir Philip sells the loss-making BHS for £1 to Retail Acquisitions led by Dominic Chappell, writing off £215m of debts in the process
2016: BHS begins an insolvency procedure to reduce its rents and transfer its pensions liabilities into the Pension Protection Fund, the government-supported rescue agency
Years of under-investment and failing to react effectively to intense competition led to the slow demise of BHS over the past two decades.
Its most recent owners have also been blamed following an investigation by a joint committee of MPs last month.
They described billionaire retailer Sir Philip Green, who owned BHS from 2000 to 2015, as the “unacceptable face of capitalism”.
Sir Philip, who has promised to sort out a £600m pensions blackhole at BHS, could also be stripped of his knighthood.
If talks between Sir Philip and the pensions regulator fail, then the 11,000 BHS staff who have lost their jobs will get a smaller pension than expected.
By Simon Jack, business editor
In one way the story of BHS is not unique. It is an everyday tale of commerce – healthy businesses thrive, sickly ones perish, the High Street evolves – that’s life.
In many others it is not. It is also the story of two controversial owners.
Sir Philip Green bought BHS for £200m in 2000 and in the early years it made profits. All of these profits were taken out, quite legally, in dividends in the years up to 2004.
BHS then limped along for another decade through a recession, being kept alive by loans from the rest of Sir Philip Green’s empire until it was sold last year for just £1.
Sir Richard Branson says he thought he was “going to die” after crashing his bike on Caribbean island Virgin Gorda.
The businessman said he was “extremely fortunate” only to have suffered a cracked cheek and torn ligaments.
Sir Richard said he was cycling down a hill when he hit a speed bump, and “the next thing I knew, I was being hurled over the handlebars and my life was literally flashing before my eyes.”
His bicycle “went flying off the cliff and disappeared”, he said.
In a post on the Virgin website, the 66-year-old said: “I was heading down a hill towards Leverick Bay when it suddenly got really dark and I managed to hit a sleeping policeman hump in the road head on.
“I really thought I was going to die. I went flying head-first towards the concrete road, but fortunately my shoulder and cheek took the brunt of the impact, and I was wearing a helmet that saved my life.
“We’ve since recovered the crumpled bicycle, completely destroyed. My cheek has been badly damaged and my knee, chin, shoulder and body severely cut.”
Sir Richard said his assistant, Helen, was first on the scene as he was “lying prostrate on the road” and then another member of his team, George, “sprinted from the bottom of the hill” to assist.
He travelled to Miami for X-rays and scans, and later posted photographs online showing his bloodied face.
The accident happened on the fifth anniversary of a fire which destroyed his luxury home on Necker Island.
Sir Richard was cycling with his children Holly and Sam as part of his training for the Virgin Strive Challenge endurance event from the base of the Matterhorn in the Alps to the summit of Mount Etna in Sicily.
He still hopes to take part in the event.
“My attitude has always been, if you fall flat on your face, at least you’re moving forward,” he said.
“All you have to do is get back up and try again. At least I’m practising what I preach – though a little too literally!”
Sir Richard made headlines earlier this week when his Twitter account posted CCTV images appearing to show Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn walking past empty unreserved train seats before he was filmed sitting on the floor complaining about “ram-packed” carriages on a Virgin Trains service.
A 14-year-old boy from London was among three Britons killed in Wednesday’s earthquake in central Italy.
Marcos Burnett was on holiday with his parents and sister when the quake hit.
Will Henniker-Gotley, 55, and his wife Maria, 51, from Stockwell in London, also died.
Both families were staying in the same property in Sommati, a hamlet outside Amatrice, where emergency teams are continuing to search for survivors. At least 268 people lost their lives.
Marcos Burnett’s parents suffered from minor injuries and are being treated in hospital in Italy. His sister also survived.
A statement from the Foreign Office said: “It is with sadness that we can confirm the deaths of Maria, 51, and Will, 55, Henniker-Gotley and Marcos Burnett, 14, in the earthquake in Amatrice, Italy on 24 August.
“The families have paid tribute to the tireless work of the Italian rescue workers and hospital staff and expressed their gratitude for the love and support they have received from the Italian people.”
The two families were visiting the area for a summer festival.
Nando Bonnani, who lives in the house next door in Sommati, was the first to try to rescue them.
“I shouted and called out for Maria and Will but I didn’t hear any reply,” he told the BBC. “There was nothing we could do with our bare hands. They were sleeping in a room on the ground floor and it all just collapsed on them.”
Jill Meyer, one of Mr and Mrs Henniker-Gotley’s neighbours in London said the couple were “lovely dear people”.
“We are just deeply shocked… I don’t know what has happened to their children. I’m sure they will have been on holiday with them. So I pray, although it would be awful not to have their mother and father, I just hope they have survived it. They were lovely and we will miss them here.”
The 6.2-magnitude quake hit at 03:36 (02:36 BST) on 24 August, in a mountainous region 100km (65 miles) north-east of Rome.
At least 268 people are now known to have died and 400 were injured. Teams have continued to search the rubble of toppled buildings for a second night.
Amatrice is one of the worst affected areas, along with the towns of Arquata, Accumoli and Pescara del Tronto.
Marcos Burnett’s parents were originally taken to separate hospitals 60km (40 miles) from each other in Rieti and L’Aquila.
Pasquale Carducci, director of Rieti Hospital said: “The British woman was brought here by rescue workers on Wednesday while her husband was taken to L’Aquila.
“When we discovered he was there, we decided they would be happier together, so we decided to reunite them. Since the man was less badly hurt, it was easier to bring him to her. We hope that they can be a support to each other.”
Italy has declared a state of emergency in the regions worst hit and Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi has pledged €50m (£42m) in funds for rebuilding.
Buckingham Palace said the Queen had made a personal donation to support the work of the Italian Red Cross in the search and rescue effort.
Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson said the UK had also offered to help rescuers and additional consular support staff had been deployed to the region.
He added: “My deepest sympathies are with the Italian people and everyone affected by the terrible earthquake that struck central Italy.
“The British government has offered any assistance that we can to help with the recovery effort and I have spoken with Italian foreign minister Paolo Gentiloni to express my condolences personally.”
Hundreds of aftershocks have hit devastated areas of central Italy, hampering the efforts of the 5,000 rescuers.
Another magnitude-4.7 tremor struck early on Friday.
Firefighters and rescue crews using sniffer dogs have been working in teams around the hardest-hit areas of the country.
But they say they no longer have much hope of finding survivors in the rubble.
“We will work relentlessly until the last person is found, and make sure no one is trapped,” said Lorenzo Botti, a rescue team spokesman said earlier.
The towns are usually sparsely populated but numbers staying there have been swelled by tourists visiting for summer, making it difficult to estimate the precise number missing.
Little is currently known about the nationalities of other foreign nationals caught up in the quake, but Romania has said five of its citizens have died and 11 are missing, while Spain’s foreign ministry says at least one Spaniard has died.
The vote to leave the EU is a chance to fix the UK’s “broken” immigration system and restore trust in controlled migration, a report says.
Think tank British Future said the Brexit referendum outcome was a “vote of no confidence” in existing policies.
It said public expectations of curbs on low-skilled migration must be met.
The think tank has also released a survey suggesting almost half of Britons do not believe the government will reach its net migration targets.
Ministers have pledged to reduce net migration to below 100,000 by 2020.
British Future’s report is published ahead of the release on Thursday of the latest net migration figures.
Details of the number of people coming to the UK for more than a year from across the EU and the rest of the world will be published at 09:30 BST – covering the year to 31 March.
Net migration – the difference between the estimated number of people settling in the UK and those emigrating – rose to 333,000 in 2015, the second highest figure on record, and has been above 300,000 for the past five quarters.
Prime Minister Theresa May has said she is sticking with her predecessor David Cameron’s target of bringing the annual figure down to less than 100,000 – even though he fell well short of this during the last Parliament.
Opposition parties and some Tories have called for the target to be ditched, arguing it is distorting priorities and will be unachievable even outside the EU. But ministers say it is still a valid benchmark for “sustainable” migration levels.
In its report, British Future – which describes itself as a non-partisan body focused on addressing issues of migration, integration and identity – said the target was a “symbolic totem” for many and the failure to meet it had damaged public trust but it was unlikely to be reconsidered until the shape of the UK’s Brexit deal became apparent.
“After the referendum, the debate about the future of the headline target will have little practical impact until the contours of future UK immigration policy become clearer,” it wrote.
“Nobody in government or outside of it could possibly be in a position to make a sensible long-term judgement about future immigration targets without knowing more about the Brexit deal itself, about prevailing conditions in the UK economy and their impact on inward and outward flows.”
Instead, policymakers should focus on coming up with “workable alternatives” for presenting their objectives pending what it said should be a far-reaching review of immigration goals and a “national conversation” about future options.
“Britain’s current immigration system is broken and is not working for anybody,” it said. “Leaving the EU will have a major impact on almost all aspects of immigration policy.
“While Brexit will present challenges for decision-makers, it also offers and opportunity to get policy right in this area and to help secure consent for the immigration that we have.”
Meanwhile, British Future’s survey of 2,400 people says 44% of those polled said the target was unlikely to be met in the next five years – even after Britain withdraws from the European Union.
But 37% still thought the target was likely to be achieved.
Sunder Katwala, director of the think-tank, said: “Public trust in governments’ competence to manage immigration – including meeting its own targets – is at rock bottom.”
‘Definition of madness’
During the referendum, Leave campaigners said exiting the EU would allow the UK to determine who came into the country but mostly stopped short of saying greater controls would result in a fall in immigration.
Brexit negotiations, which will not begin in earnest until the start of 2017 at the earliest, are likely to hinge on to what extent continued access to EU markets can be squared with limits on immigration from the EU.
Thursday’s report said it would be unacceptable for there to be no restrictions on the right of other EU citizens to come to live and work in the UK given the strong public support for this.
And while the public broadly accepted the need for employers to be allowed to continue to recruit highly skilled migrants from across the world, it said, economic arguments for migration had fallen on deaf ears during the referendum and must be reconsidered – with more priority given to managing the consequent social pressures.
As well as giving local authorities funding to mitigate the impact of immigration on public services, it said, more emphasis must be placed on helping integrate migrants in their new communities and bodies should be set up in all cities and regions with devolved mayors to coordinate approaches.
Another think tank, the left-leaning Institute for Public Policy Research, said the net migration target should simply be abandoned in favour of separate targets for low-skilled and high-skilled immigration.
“They say the definition of madness is repeating the same thing and expecting a different result,” its associate director Phoebe Griffith said.
“Yet the government continue to stand by a net migration target that neither the public nor many ministers have confidence in.
“Having a net migration target is like having a target for the number of sunny days in a year; it’s not going to change the weather by itself.
“The government need to design policy to balance public concerns with the needs of different sectors of our economy.”
The IPPR’s own research suggests there are currently about 55,000 EU nationals working in the English NHS, with one in 10 of the UK’s registered doctors an EU national, and the health service would “collapse” without them.
It said all EU nationals who work for, or as locums in, the NHS should be eligible to apply for British citizenship.
Hundreds of thousands of pupils in England, Wales and Northern Ireland are finding out their GCSE results.
There have been forecasts that this year’s results might be affected by a high number of pupils re-taking exams.
Government plans in England to encourage more pupils to get GCSEs in maths and English required re-sits for tens of thousands who failed last year.
Prof Alan Smithers of Buckingham University says this could push down the proportion of top grades this year.
“The results this year will be very close to what they were last year, but the increase in people repeating maths and English could lower the top grades slightly,” says Prof Smithers, director of Buckingham University’s Centre for Education and Employment Research.
GCSEs 2016 – a user’s guide
What parents really mean about exam results
There were more than 350,000 GCSE entries among these pupils, re-taking English and maths after Year 11, up by a quarter on last year.
Last year, the headline figures showed the proportion of A* to C grades rose to 69%, up from 68.8% last year, but A* grades fell by 0.1 percentage points to 6%.
There has been a slight increase in the number of GCSE entries this year – with almost five million GCSE results set to be issued on Thursday.
As well as more pupils re-taking exams beyond the age of 16, it is expected that there will be a continuing decline in pupils taking exams a year early.
League tables now only count the first time a pupil sits an exam, discouraging entries by younger pupils.
There has also been speculation about whether the overlap between the exam season and the Euro 2016 football tournament will affect results – particularly in Wales.
This will be the last year before the start of a major change in how GCSEs are graded in England and how school performance is measured.
A revised set of GCSE exams are going to graded by numbers – from 9 down to 1 – rather than A* to E in a process that will be phased in from next year.
In addition, a new way of assessing schools in England, to be introduced later this year, will measure how much progress pupils make in secondary schools, rather than their raw results.
Speaking ahead of the results, Chris Keates, leader of the Nasuwt teachers’ union, said: “This apparently minor change masks the most substantial reform in a quarter of a century to the key general qualification offered to learners in England.”
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A man has been charged with the murder of British backpacker Mia Ayliffe-Chung at a hostel in Australia.
Queensland Police Service earlier named the suspected murderer as 29-year-old Frenchman Smail Ayad.
He is also charged with two counts of attempted murder, 12 counts of serious assault and one count of serious animal cruelty.
Miss Ayliffe-Chung died after being stabbed in Home Hill, near Townsville, on Tuesday night local time.
The 21-year-old from Wirksworth, Derbyshire, received multiple stab wounds, police said, and a post-mortem examination was due to be conducted on Thursday at 12:30 local time.
‘Sick to the stomach’
Earlier, Supt Ray Rohweder, regional crime co-ordinator from the Northern Region, confirmed a 30-year-old British man, Tom Jackson, who was critically injured in the attack, had tried to save Miss Ayliffe-Chung after she was stabbed at Shelley’s Backpackers in Home Hill.
Mr Jackson remains in hospital with critical head injuries.
Of his intervention, Mr Rohweder said: “His subsequent actions were absolutely fantastic. I have no doubt that his actions on that day, as completely selfless as they were, led to the injuries he now has.”
Another man – a 46-year-old named by a friend as Grant Scholz, who ran the hostel – received non-life threatening injuries and has since been released from hospital.
A dog at the accommodation complex was also killed.
Confirming there was CCTV footage of the incident, he added: “There’s no-one that can view that CCTV that doesn’t come away feeling sick to the stomach. It’s absolutely horrific.”
The suspect was on a second visit to Australia and had arrived in the country for the second time in March.
Mr Rohweder said he understood Mr Ayad had been in Home Hill for about a month while Miss Ayliffe-Chung had been there only a couple days.
Police have claimed that as Mr Ayad was being transferred from hospital to the station on Wednesday night he became violent towards officers and was Tasered and doused with pepper spray in order to subdue him.
Forensics teams have returned to the scene and specialists from Brisbane are going to Home Hill to do further testing.
Another British backpacker was injured and is in hospital being treated for damage to both his ankles.
Miss Ayliffe-Chung’s family has paid tribute to an “amazing young woman with an adventurous spirit”.
The statement, on behalf of Mia’s mother Rosie Ayliffe, was read out by her partner Stewart Cormack.
He said: “Mia was full of the kind of open-minded compassion for life that you don’t see that often. It felt as though she was reminding us all of the beauty and possibilities we each have that we should live life to the full.
“Mia was a rare person who saw beyond race, creed and belief. She would always treat others with dignity, respect and kindness.
“As a peaceful person Mia had huge respect for everybody. She would not want to be the reason for any hostilities caused by any misrepresentations of the events.”
Miss Ayliffe-Chung had lived in Surfers Paradise, on Australia’s Gold Coast, and worked as a waitress at the Bedroom Lounge Bar before making an 800-mile trip north to work with animals on a farm.
She was just days into the three-month trip when she was killed.
Her last Facebook update was on 20 August, four days after starting work on the farm.
Profile: Mia Ayliffe-Chung
Miss Ayliffe-Chung went to Anthony Gell School in Wirksworth before going to Chesterfield College to study psychology and communication and culture.
She later went to Buxton and Leek College to study childcare.
It is understood she travelled to Bali before arriving in Australia.
Paul Lovatt, head of pastoral care at Anthony Gell School in Wirksworth, remembered her as “enriching the school environment”.
“We knew Mia as a student with so much joy and energy who was well-liked by her friends and teachers,” he said.
“She joined our school in Year 9 and flourished here, both in making strong friendships and in achieving high-level GCSEs.”
Rachel McVeigh, curriculum leader for education and childcare at Buxton and Leek College, said: “Mia had a zest for life and was free-spirited, with a keen desire to travel.
“We are devastated and extremely sorry to hear such tragic news. Our thoughts are with her family and friends.”